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Enhancing cadmium bioremediation by a complex of water-hyacinth derived pellets immobilized with Chlorella sp.
- Shen, Ying, Zhu, Wenzhe, Li, Huan, Ho, Shih-Hsin, Chen, Jianfeng, Xie, Youping, Shi, Xinguo
- Bioresource technology 2018 v.257 pp. 157-163
- Chlorella, algae culture, bioaccumulation, biochar, bioremediation, cadmium, developmental stages, hydrophilicity, leaves, light intensity, microalgae, pellets
- A complex of water-hyacinth derived pellets immobilized with Chlorella sp. was applied, for the first time, in the bioremediation of Cadmium (Cd). The Cd(II) removal efficiency of the complex was optimized by investigating several parameters, including the pellet materials, algal culture age, and light intensity. Results showed that the Cd(II) removal efficiency was positively related to the algal immobilization efficiency and the algal bioaccumulation capacity. Since higher surface hydrophilicity leads to higher immobilization efficiency, the water-hyacinth leaf biochar pellet (WLBp) was selected as the optimal carrier. A maximum Cd(II) removal efficiency of 92.45% was obtained by the complex of WLBp immobilized with algal cells in stationary growth phase and illuminated with a light intensity of 119 μmol m−2 s−1. Recovery tests on both microalgal cells and the WLBp demonstrated that the algal cells and the biochar pellet can be economically recycled and reused.