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Influence of size reduction treatments on sugar recovery from Norway spruce for butanol production

Yang, Ming, Xu, Minyuan, Nan, Yufei, Kuittinen, Suvi, Kamrul Hassan, Md., Vepsäläinen, Jouko, Xin, Donglin, Zhang, Junhua, Pappinen, Ari
Bioresource technology 2018 v.257 pp. 113-120
Picea abies, biomass, butanol, enzymatic hydrolysis, fermentation, glucose, hydrogen, particle size, reducing sugars, wood
This study investigated whether the effectiveness of pretreatment is limited by a size reduction of Norway spruce wood in biobutanol production. The spruce was milled, chipped, and mashed for hydrogen peroxide-acetic acid (HPAC) and dilute acid (DA) pretreatment. Sugar recoveries from chipped and mashed spruce after enzymatic hydrolysis were higher than from milled spruce, and the recoveries were not correlated with the spruce fiber length. HPAC pretreatment resulted in almost 100% glucose and 88% total reducing sugars recoveries from chipped spruce, which were apparently higher than DA pretreatment, demonstrating greater effectiveness of HPAC pretreatment on sugar production. The butanol and ABE yield from chipped spruce were 126.5 and 201.2 g/kg pretreated spruce, respectively. The yields decreased with decreasing particle size due to biomass loss in the pretreatment. The results suggested that Norway spruce chipped to a 20 mm length is applicable to the production of platform sugars for butanol fermentation.