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Recombinant Hsp33 and OmpC protein can serve as promising divalent vaccine with protection against Vibrio anguillarum and Edwardsiella tarda in flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus)
- Xing, Jing, Li, Pengwei, Tang, Xiaoqian, Zhan, Wenbin
- Fish & shellfish immunology 2018 v.74 pp. 341-348
- Edwardsiella tarda, Paralichthys olivaceus, Vibrio anguillarum, antibodies, aquaculture, blood serum, cross immunity, flounder, genes, heat shock proteins, hindgut, immune response, immunoglobulin M, kidneys, lymphocytes, outer membrane proteins, pathogens, shellfish, spleen, vaccines
- Vibrio anguillarum and Edwardsiella tarda are severe aquaculture pathogens shared similar epidemiological characteristics and susceptible to flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). In our previous studies, recombinant(r) protein heat shock protein 33 (rHsp33) from V. anguillarum and outer membrane protein C (rOmpC) from E. tarda were proved to have protection against V. anguillarum and E. tarda, respectively. In this paper, the cross protection of rHsp33 against E. tarda and rOmpC against V. anguillarum, and the protection of divalent vaccine candidate (rHsp33 + rOmpC, rHC) against both V. anguillarum and E. tarda were evaluated. RHC, rHsp33, and rOmpC were vaccinated to flounder, respectively, and the percentages of surface immunoglobulin-positive (sIg+) cells in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs), serum IgM, specific antibodies against V. anguillarum or E. tarda, specific antibodies against rHsp33, rOmpC or rHC, the expression of immune-related genes and relative percent survival (RPS) against V. anguillarum or E. tarda were measured. The results showed that: RHC could induced the enhancement of sIg + cells and high levels of specific antibodies against both V. anguillarm and E. tarda; Also a significant increase of specific antibodies against rHsp33, rOmpC or rHC, and up-regulation of gene expression of CD3, CD4-1, CD4-2, CD8α, CD8β and IgM in spleen, head-kidney, and hindgut, RPS of 70 ± 3.45% against V. anguillarum and 60 ± 1.48% against E. tarda, respectively. In addition, rHsp33 induced specific antibodies against E. tarda and rOmpC, and had a RPS of 43.3 ± 3.73% against E. tarda; rOmpC could evoke specific antibodies against V. anguillarum and rHsp33, and had a RPS of 44 ± 1.27% against V. anguillarm; The results demonstrated that there was cross protection of rHsp33 against E. tarda and rOmpC against V. anguillarum, rHC as a divalent vaccine can induce significant immune response and efficient protection against both E. tarda and V. anguillarum in flounder.