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A novel GATA-like zinc finger transcription factor involving in hematopoiesis of Eriocheir sinensis

Li, Yannan, Jia, Zhihao, Yi, Qilin, Song, Xiaorui, Liu, Yu, Jia, Yunke, Wang, Lingling, Song, Linsheng
Fish & shellfish immunology 2018 v.74 pp. 363-371
Aeromonas hydrophila, Eriocheir sinensis, GATA transcription factors, antibody formation, cysteine, cytoplasm, double-stranded RNA, fish, gene expression, hematopoiesis, hemocytes, hepatopancreas, messenger RNA, open reading frames, pathogens, polypeptides, shellfish, zinc finger motif
GATA transcription factor is a family of DNA-binding proteins that can recognize and bind to sequence of (A/T) GATA (A/G). In the present study, a GATA-like protein (named as EsGLP) was characterized from Eriocheir sinensis, including an 834 bp full length open reading frame of EsGLP, encoding a polypeptide of 277 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence of EsGLP contained one conserved GATA-type zinc finger of the form Cys-X2-Cys-X17-Cys-X2-Cys, with four cysteine sites. The EsGLP mRNA transcripts were mainly detected in the hematopoietic tissue, hepatopancreas and gonad. The recombinant EsGLP protein was prepared for the antibody production. The EsGLP protein was mainly distributed in the edge of lobules in the HPT and the cytoplasm of hemocytes. The mRNA transcripts of EsGLP in hemocytes were significantly decreased at 24 h (0.39-fold and 0.27-fold, p < .05) and 48 h (0.35-fold and 0.16-fold, p < .05) after LPS and Aeromonas hydrophila stimulation, respectively. However, one peak of EsGLP mRNA transcripts were recorded at 24 h (8.71-fold, p < .05) in HPT after A. hydrophila stimulation. The expression level of EsGLP mRNA in HPT was significantly up-regulated at 2 h, 2.5 h and 9 h (41.74-fold, 45.38-fold and 26.07-fold, p < .05) after exsanguination stimulation. When EsGLP gene expression was inhibited by the injection of double-stranded RNA, both the total hemocytes counts and the rate of EdU-positive hemocytes were significantly decreased (0.32-fold and 0.56-fold compared to that in control group, p < .05). All these results suggested that EsGLP was an important regulatory factor in E. sinensis which involved in the hemocytes generation and the immune response against invading pathogens.