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Risk and Control of Mosquito-Borne Diseases in Southeast Asian Rubber Plantations

Tangena, Julie-Anne A., Thammavong, Phoutmany, Wilson, Anne L., Brey, Paul T., Lindsay, Steve W.
Trends in parasitology 2016 v.32 no.5 pp. 402-415
dengue, disease control, economic development, forests, habitats, health services, humans, insect vectors, land use, malaria, migrant workers, mosquito-borne diseases, parasites, pathogens, plantations, risk, rubber, rubber industry, vector control, wild animals, zoonoses, South East Asia
Unprecedented economic growth in Southeast Asia (SEA) has encouraged the expansion of rubber plantations. This land-use transformation is changing the risk of mosquito-borne diseases. Mature plantations provide ideal habitats for the mosquito vectors of malaria, dengue, and chikungunya. Migrant workers may introduce pathogens into plantation areas, most worryingly artemisinin-resistant malaria parasites. The close proximity of rubber plantations to natural forest also increases the threat from zoonoses, where new vector-borne pathogens spill over from wild animals into humans. There is therefore an urgent need to scale up vector control and access to health care for rubber workers. This requires an intersectoral approach with strong collaboration between the health sector, rubber industry, and local communities.