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The possible mechanism of hydroxytyrosol on reducing uric acid levels

Wan, Yin, Liang, Yu-Xi, Zou, Bin, Fu, Gui-Ming, Xie, Ming-Yong
Journal of functional foods 2018 v.42 pp. 319-326
active sites, amino acids, animal models, blood serum, circular dichroism spectroscopy, hydrogen bonding, hyperuricemia, inhibitory concentration 50, liver, messenger RNA, rats, transporters, uric acid, xanthine oxidase
In this study, the inhibitory effect of hydroxytyrosol against xanthine oxidase (XOD) by in vivo animal model and in vitro inhibition assay was analysed. The results showed that hydroxytyrosol could reduce uric acid in rat serum, inhibit XOD activity in rat liver, and adjust the mRNA transcription of the renal uric acid transporters URAT1, GLUT9, OAT1, UAT and ABCG2 towards normal in the transcription level. Hydroxytyrosol was observed as an inhibitor of XOD activity, which’s IC50 value of restraining XOD activity was 8.75 mM. Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy indicated that the secondary structures of XOD were changed after incubation with hydroxytyrosol. The docking simulation showed that hydroxytyrosol could enter into the active site of XOD and form hydrogen bonds with amino acid residues (such as ARG880, GLU1261 and THR1010). The results suggested that hydroxytyrosol could be a potential XOD inhibitor for hyperuricaemia treatment.