Main content area

The antioxidant and neurochemical activity of Apium graveolens L. and its ameliorative effect on MPTP-induced Parkinson-like symptoms in mice

Chonpathompikunlert, Pennapa, Boonruamkaew, Phetcharat, Sukketsiri, Wanida, Hutamekalin, Pilaiwanwadee, Sroyraya, Morakot
BMC complementary and alternative medicine 2018 v.18 no.1 pp. 103
Apium graveolens, Oriental traditional medicine, Parkinson disease, alternative medicine, amine oxidase (flavin-containing), antioxidant activity, diabetes, drugs, gout, hypertension, immunohistochemistry, lipid peroxidation, males, mice, models, neurons, neuroprotective effect, neurotransmitters, oxidative stress, staining, superoxide anion, swimming, tyrosine 3-monooxygenase
BACKGROUND: Apium graveolens L. is a traditional Chinese medicine prescribed as a treatment for hypertension, gout, and diabetes. This study aimed to determine the neuroprotective effects of A. graveolens extract against a Parkinson’s disease (PD) model induced by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) in C57BL/6 mice. METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice treated with MPTP were orally dosed with A. graveolens extract daily for 21 days. Behavioral tests, including a rotarod apparatus, a narrow beam test, a drag test, a grid walk test, a swimming test, and a resting tremor evaluation, were performed. Thereafter, the mice were sacrificed, and monoamine oxidase A and B activity, lipid peroxidation activity, and superoxide anion levels were measured. Immunohistochemical staining of tyrosine hydroxylase was performed to identify dopaminergic neurons. RESULTS: We found that treatment with A. graveolens at dose of 375 mg/kg demonstrated the highest effect and led to significant improvements in behavioral performance, oxidative stress parameters, and monoamine oxidase A and B activity compared with the untreated group (p < 0.05). Moreover, the extract increased the number of neurons immunopositive for tyrosine hydroxylase expression compared with MPTP alone or MPTP with a positive control drug (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We speculated that A. graveolens ameliorated behavioral performance by mediating neuroprotection against MPTP-induced PD via antioxidant effects, related neurotransmitter pathways and an increase in the number of dopaminergic neurons.