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Chitosan nanoparticles/cellulose nanocrystals nanocomposites as a carrier system for the controlled release of repaglinide

Abo-Elseoud, Wafaa S., Hassan, Mohammad L., Sabaa, Magdy W., Basha, Mona, Hassan, Enas A., Fadel, Shaimaa M.
International journal of biological macromolecules 2018 v.111 pp. 604-613
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, acid hydrolysis, cellulose, chitosan, drug delivery systems, drugs, encapsulation, gelation, glycemic effect, models, nanocomposites, nanocrystals, nanoparticles, oxidation, sulfuric acid
The aim of the present work was to study the use of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) and chitosan nanoparticles (CHNP) for developing controlled-release drug delivery system of the anti-hyperglycemic drug Repaglinide (RPG). CNC was isolated from palm fruit stalks by sulfuric acid hydrolysis; the dimensions of the isolated nanocrystals were 86–237 nm in length and 5–7 nm in width. Simple and economic method was used for the fabrication of controlled release drug delivery system from CNC and CHNP loaded with RPG drug via ionic gelation of chitosan in the presence of CNC and RPG. The prepared systems showed high drug encapsulation efficiency of about ~98%. Chemical modification of CNC by oxidation to introduce carboxylic groups on their surface (OXCNC) was also carried out for further controlling of RPG release. Particles size analysis showed that the average size of CHNP was about 197 nm while CHNP/CNC/RPG or CHNP/OXCNC/RPG nanoparticles showed average size of 215–310 nm. Compatibility studies by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy showed no chemical reaction between RPG and the system's components used. By studying the drug release kinetic, all the prepared RPG formulations followed Higuchi model, indicating that the drug released by diffusion through the nanoparticles polymeric matrix.