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Characterization and expression of lin-28a involved in lin28/let-7signal pathway during early development of P. olivaceus

Fu, Yuanshuai, Gao, Lina, Shi, Zhiyi, You, Feng, Zhang, Junling, Li, Wenjuan
Fish physiology and biochemistry 2018 v.44 no.2 pp. 451-463
3' untranslated regions, Paralichthys olivaceus, RNA-binding proteins, adults, cell division, cell proliferation, early development, flounder, gene expression, genes, larvae, metamorphosis, microRNA, sequence homology, tissues
Heterochronic lin-28 is a conserved RNA-binding protein that plays a key role in the timing of developmental events in organisms. As a crucial heterochronic gene, the protein controls developmental events of the second of four larval stages in Caenorhabditi elegans. Heterochronic let-7 miRNAs are often present in various species and highly conserved in sequence and biological function and are required for various biological processes. Previous studies showed that ten let-7 miRNAs were identified in the Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) and that they were primarily expressed during metamorphosis. In this study, we clone and characterize the lin-28a gene from P. olivaceus and exhibit its dynamic expression pattern at different developmental stages and various adult tissues. The results show that the P. olivaceus lin-28a gene has high sequence similarity with other species and is highly expressed in the embryonic stage but weakly expressed in the larval stage. In addition, lin-28a overexpression causes cell proliferation and significantly promotes the levels of pre-let-7a and pre-let-7d while markedly depressing let-7a and let-7d expression in FEC (Flounder Embryonic Cell), which indicate that lin-28 possibly blocks the maturation of let-7 miRNAs. Additionally, lin-28a is identified as a target gene of let-7 miRNAs, and let-7 miRNAs directly regulate lin-28a expression by targeting its 3′ UTR. Taken together, lin-28a along with let-7 miRNA participates in a lin-28/let-7 axis pathway that regulates cell division and timing of embryonic and metamorphic events in P. olivaceus.