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Highly efficient adsorption of dyes by biochar derived from pigments-extracted macroalgae pyrolyzed at different temperature

Chen, Yi-di, Lin, Yen-Chang, Ho, Shih-Hsin, Zhou, Yan, Ren, Nan-qi
Bioresource technology 2018 v.259 pp. 104-110
adsorbents, adsorption, biochar, environmental protection, gentian violet, macroalgae, malachite green, microalgae, pyrolysis, temperature, thermal stability, wastewater
Biochar is known to efficiently adsorb dyes from wastewater. In this study, biochar was derived from macroalgae residue by pyrolysis, and the influence of varying temperature (from 400 °C to 800 °C) on biochar characteristics was investigated. Among the biochar samples tested, macroalgae-derived biochar possessing highly porous structure, special surface chemical behavior and high thermal stability was found to be efficient in removing malachite green, crystal violet and Congo red. The biochar derived by pyrolysis at 800 °C showed the highest adsorption capacity for malachite green (5306.2 mg g−1). In this study, the transformation of microalgae residue into a highly efficient dye adsorbent is a promising procedure for economic and environmental protection.