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High-solid pretreatment of corn stover using urea for enzymatic saccharification

Wang, Lili, Zhang, Ke, Xu, Youjie, Zhang, Meng, Wang, Donghai
Bioresource technology 2018 v.259 pp. 83-90
corn stover, glucans, glucose, saccharification, soy flour, temperature, urea, xylan, xylose
The aim of this research was to study a high-solid pretreatment of corn stover using urea. Effects of solid loading (30–70%), temperature (60–80 °C), time (2–14 d), ratio of urea to corn stover (1:10–1:1), and ratio of soybean flour to corn stover (1:40–1:10) on enzymatic saccharification were investigated. Generally, the glucose and xylose yield increased as the reaction temperature, time, and ratio of urea to corn stover increased. Urea enhanced enzymatic saccharification at a relatively high-solid loading and low temperature. The results showed that 80 °C for 10 d with urea to corn stover ratio of 1:1 and 50% solid loading are optimum treatment condition to achieve high glucose recovery and enzymatic saccharification efficiency. Under optimum condition, 97.24% glucan and 61.63% xylan were preserved in the treated corn stover, and the maximum enzymatic saccharification efficiencies of 84.11% and 78.54% were achieved for glucose and xylose, respectively.