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Development of bioelectrochemical systems using various biogas fermenter effluents as inocula and municipal waste liquor as adapting substrate

Author:
Bakonyi, Péter, Koók, László, Keller, Enikő, Bélafi-Bakó, Katalin, Rózsenberszki, Tamás, Saratale, Ganesh Dattatraya, Nguyen, Dinh Duc, Banu, J. Rajesh, Nemestóthy, Nándor
Source:
Bioresource technology 2018 v.259 pp. 75-82
ISSN:
0960-8524
Subject:
acclimation, bioelectrochemistry, biogas, effluents, energy, feedstocks, fermenters, inoculum, microbial communities, microbial fuel cells, municipal wastewater, process design, sludge, sugar industry
Abstract:
The purpose of this research was to improve microbial fuel cell (MFC) performance – treating landfill-derived waste liquor – by applying effluents of various biogas fermenters as inocula. It turned out that the differences of initial microbial community profiles notably influenced the efficiency of MFCs. In fact, the adaptation time (during 3 weeks of operation) has varied significantly, depending on the source of inoculum and accordingly, the obtainable cumulative energy yields were also greatly affected (65% enhancement in case of municipal wastewater sludge inoculum compared to sugar factory waste sludge inoculum). Hence, it could be concluded that the capacity of MFCs to utilize the complex feedstock was heavily dependent on biological factors such as the origin/history of inoculum, the microbial composition as well as proper acclimation period. Therefore, these parameters should be of primary concerns for adequate process design to efficiently generate electricity with microbial fuel cells.
Agid:
5919508