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Effect of the Spatial Orientation of a Substrate on the Formation of Early Fouling Communities in the White Sea
- Khalaman, V.V., Golubovskaya, N.S., Komendantov, A.Yu., Malavenda, S.S., Mikhaylova, T.A.
- Biology bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences 2018 v.45 no.1 pp. 82-90
- algae, animals, field experimentation, fouling
- The formation of early fouling communities developing under different spatial orientations of substrates and various lighting conditions was studied during a field experiment. The algal predominance on the sunlit upward-oriented sides and the animal predominance on the shaded downward-oriented sides are the consequence of two processes: (1) competitive displacement of animals from the sunlit sides by algae; (2) preferential colonization of the shaded downward-oriented sides of the substrates by animals.