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Dual relaxation behaviors and large electrostrictive properties of Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3–Sr0.85Bi0.1TiO3 ceramics
- Wang, Jun, Zhou, Changrong, Li, Qingning, Zeng, Weidong, Xu, Jiwen, Chen, Guohua, Yuan, Changlai, Rao, Guanghui
- Journal of materials science 2018 v.53 no.12 pp. 8844-8854
- ceramics, electrons, temperature
- Lead-free ceramics (1 − x)Bi₀.₅Na₀.₅TiO₃–xSr₀.₈₅Bi₀.₁TiO₃ (BNT–xSBT, x = 0.4, 0.5, 0.6 and 0.7) were prepared by a solid-state reaction process. Coexistence of ferroelectric relaxation at low temperature and Maxwell–Wagner dielectric relaxation at high temperature was revealed for the first time in this system. Meanwhile, hysteresis-free P–E loops combined with a very high piezoelectric strain coefficient (d₃₃) of 1658 pC/N concurrently with large electrostrictive coefficient Q = 0.287 m⁴C⁻² were achieved. The ferroelectric relaxor behavior and large electrostrictive strain might be linked to easy reorientation and reversal of ergodic PNRs and the combined effect of Bi off-center position and lone pair electrons.