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Nonfeed Application of Rendered Animal Proteins for Microbial Production of Eicosapentaenoic Acid by the Fungus Pythium irregulare
- Liang, Yi, Garcia, Rafael A., Piazza, George J., Wen, Zhiyou
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2011 v.59 no.22 pp. 11990
- Pythium irregulare, Schizochytrium limacinum, alkali treatment, animal nutrition, animal proteins, ash content, carbohydrates, cell growth, eicosapentaenoic acid, enzymatic hydrolysis, feather meal, fortified feed, fortified foods, free amino acids, fungi, growth performance, hydrolysates, hydrolysis, macroalgae, markets, meat and bone meal, microbial biomass, omega-3 fatty acids, peptides, protein hydrolysates, rendering, yeast extract
- Rendered animal proteins are well suited for animal nutrition applications, but the market is maturing, and there is a need to develop new uses for these products. The objective of this study is to explore the possibility of using animal proteins as a nutrient source for microbial production of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids by the microalga Schizochytrium limacinum and the fungus Pythium irregulare. To be absorbed by the microorganisms, the proteins needed to be hydrolyzed into small peptides and free amino acids. The utility of the protein hydrolysates for microorganisms depended on the hydrolysis method used and the type of microorganism. The enzymatic hydrolysates supported better cell growth performance than the alkali hydrolysates did. P. irregulare displayed better overall growth performance on the experimental hydrolysates compared to S. limacinum. When P. irregulare was grown in medium containing 10 g/L enzymatic hydrolysate derived from meat and bone meal or feather meal, the performance of cell growth, lipid synthesis, and omega-3 fatty acid production was comparable to the that of culture using commercial yeast extract. The fungal biomass derived from the animal proteins had 26-29% lipid, 32-34% protein, 34-39% carbohydrate, and <2% ash content. The results show that it is possible to develop a nonfeed application for rendered animal protein by hydrolysis of the protein and feeding to industrial microorganisms which can produce omega-3 fatty acids for making omega-3-fortified foods or feeds.