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Starch hydrogels: The influence of the amylose content and gelatinization method

Biduski, Bárbara, Silva, Wyller Max Ferreria da, Colussi, Rosana, Halal, Shanise Lisie de Mello El, Lim, Loong-Tak, Dias, Álvaro Renato Guerra, Zavareze, Elessandra da Rosa
International journal of biological macromolecules 2018 v.113 pp. 443-449
absorbents, amylopectin, amylose, crosslinking, freeze drying, gelatinization, hydrogels, polyvinyl alcohol, retrogradation, rice starch, viscosity, water uptake
Gelatinization and retrogradation, influenced by amylose and amylopectin ratio, are important characteristics for starch hydrogels elaboration. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of amylose content and the gelatinization method on the physicochemical characteristics of native and cross-linked rice starch hydrogels. The native and cross-linked starches were gelatinized with heating or alkaline solution, added polyvinyl alcohol, frozen and then freeze-dried. The cross-linked starch had a low final viscosity (101.38 RVU), which made the heat-induced gelatinized hydrogel readily disintegrated in water. However, modified starch hydrogels obtained by alkaline-induced gelatinization resulted in a more rigid structure than the native starch hydrogels. In addition, the starch sample with high amylose content had lower water absorption (322.2%) due to the greater stiffness of the hydrogel structure that resisted swelling. The alkaline-gelatinization resulted in stiffer hydrogels with lower water absorption (322.2 to 534.8%), while the heat-gelatinized behaved as a superabsorbent (658.7 to 1068.5%). The variability of the hydrogels properties of this study can enable a range of applications due to different amylose contents and gelatinization methods.