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Successful production of genome-edited rats by the rGONAD method
- Kobayashi, Tomoe, Namba, Masumi, Koyano, Takayuki, Fukushima, Masaki, Sato, Masahiro, Ohtsuka, Masato, Matsuyama, Makoto
- BMC biotechnology 2018 v.18 no.1 pp. 19
- alleles, cows, dextran, embryo (animal), gene editing, gene transfer, guinea pigs, hamsters, mice, nucleic acids, pups, rats, swine
- BACKGROUND: Recent progress in development of the CRISPR/Cas9 system has been shown to be an efficient gene-editing technology in various organisms. We recently developed a novel method called Genome-editing via Oviductal Nucleic Acids Delivery (GONAD) in mice; a novel in vivo genome editing system that does not require ex vivo handling of embryos, and this technology is newly developed and renamed as “improved GONAD” (i-GONAD). However, this technology has been limited only to mice. Therefore in this study, we challenge to apply this technology to rats. RESULTS: Here, we determine the most suitable condition for in vivo gene delivery towards rat preimplantation embryos using tetramethylrhodamine-labelled dextran, termed as Rat improved GONAD (rGONAD). Then, to investigate whether this method is feasible to generate genome-edited rats by delivery of CRISPR/Cas9 components, the tyrosinase (Tyr) gene was used as a target. Some pups showed albino-colored coat, indicating disruption of wild-type Tyr gene allele. Furthermore, we confirm that rGONAD method can be used to introduce genetic changes in rat genome by the ssODN-based knock-in. CONCLUSIONS: We first establish the rGONAD method for generating genome-edited rats. We demonstrate high efficiency of the rGONAD method to produce knock-out and knock-in rats, which will facilitate the production of rat genome engineering experiment. The rGONAD method can also be readily applicable in mammals such as guinea pig, hamster, cow, pig, and other mammals.