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Effect of Bacillus subtilis and NTA-APG on pyrene dissipation in phytoremediation of nickel co-contaminated wetlands by Scirpus triqueter

Liu, Xiaoyan, Hu, Xiaoxin, Zhang, Xinying, Chen, Xueping, Chen, Jing, Yuan, Xiaoyu
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 2018 v.154 pp. 69-74
Bacillus subtilis, Schoenoplectus triqueter, bacteria, correlation, enzyme activity, greenhouses, heavy metals, nickel, nitrilotriacetic acid, oxygen, phytomass, phytoremediation, pollutants, pyrene (hydrocarbon), seedlings, soil, soil pollution, wetlands
A complex mix of organic pollutants and heavy metal made the remediation of contaminated wetlands more difficult. Few research focus on the remediation for pyrene enhanced by chemical reagents and pyrene degrading bacteria in the nickel co-contaminated soil. In this paper, the effect of chemical reagents (nitrilotriacetic acid and alkyl polyglucoside) and Bacillus subtilis on pyrene dissipation in phytoremediation of nickel co-contaminated soil by Scirpus triqueter was investigated. Similar seedlings of Scirpus triqueter were moved to uncontaminated soil and pyrene-nickel co-contaminated soil. The pots (14.8 cm diameter and 8.8 cm height) were set up in greenhouse and treated in different ways. After 60 days, plant biomass, radial oxygen loss (ROL), soil dehydrogenase activity (DHA) and pyrene concentration in soil were determined. Results showed that ROL rate and DHA in different groups was positively correlated with pyrene dissipation from soil. In the process of remediation, chemical reagents might have an indirect slight effect on pyrene dissipation (pyrene dissipation increased 21%) by affecting DHA firstly and redistributing pyrene fractions in the presence of pyrene degrading bacteria. Pyrene degrading bacteria were likely to affect pyrene dissipation by impacting ROL rate and DHA and played a more vital role in contributing to pyrene dissipation (pyrene dissipation increased 45%) from wetland. This study demonstrated that phytoremediation for pyrene in nickel co-contaminated soil by Scirpus triqueter can be enhanced by the application of NTA-APG and pyrene degrading bacteria and they could be reasonably restore the ecological environment of PAH-contaminated wetlands.