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Rapid and sensitive detection of mink circovirus by recombinase polymerase amplification

Ge, Junwei, Shi, Yunjia, Cui, Xingyang, Gu, Shanshan, Zhao, Lili, Chen, Hongyan
Journal of virological methods 2018 v.256 pp. 1-5
Circovirus, cross reaction, disease control, mink, monitoring, pathogens, polymerase chain reaction
To date, the pathogenic role of mink circovirus (MiCV) remains unclear, and its prevalence and economic importance are unknown. Therefore, a rapid and sensitive molecular diagnosis is necessary for disease management and epidemiological surveillance. However, only PCR methods can identify MiCV infection at present. In this study, we developed a nested PCR and established a novel recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) assay for MiCV detection. Sensitivity analysis showed that the detection limit of nested PCR and RPA assay was 101 copies/reaction, and these methods were more sensitive than conventional PCR, which has a detection limit of 105 copies/reaction. The RPA assay had no cross-reactivity with other related viral pathogens, and amplification was completed in less than 20 min with a simple device. Further assessment of clinical samples showed that the two assays were accurate in identifying positive and negative conventional PCR samples. The detection rate of MiCV by the RPA assay in clinical samples was 38.09%, which was 97% consistent with that by the nested PCR. The developed nested PCR is a highly sensitive tool for practical use, and the RPA assay is a simple, sensitive, and potential alternative method for rapid and accurate MiCV diagnosis.