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Screening of a broad range of rice (Oryza sativa L.) germplasm for in vitro rapid plant regeneration and development of an early prediction system
- Dabul, A. N. G., Belefant-Miller, H., RoyChowdhury, M., Hubstenberger, J. F., Lorence, A., Phillips, G. C.
- In vitro cellular & developmental biology 2009 v.45 no.4 pp. 414-420
- Oryza sativa, agricultural biotechnology, genetic transformation, genome, germplasm, germplasm screening, prediction, red rice, tissue culture
- Rice has emerged as a model monocot for studies in agriculture and biotechnology due to its relatively small genome and a ready accessibility to plant material. Tissue culture is one of the tools required for genetic transformation and some breeding programs, and the selection of high-frequency regenerator types is essential for success in these technologies. Thirty-three rice entries with agricultural and biotechnological characteristics of interest were screened with the aim to identify the best regenerators. Entries that exhibited between 50% and 90% regeneration frequencies include 'Taipei-309,' 'Super Dwarf,' 'Norin' (japonica types), PI 312777, 'Ali Combo' (indica types), 'STG-S,' and 'LA3' (red rice types). One third of the entries tested were at least two times better at regeneration than the often-cited regenerator 'Nipponbare.' Those entries showing at least 85% frequency of greening or somatic embryo formation at 15 or 30 d on regeneration medium ultimately produced whole plants after 45 d on regeneration medium at high frequency (at least 40%); those entries not reaching the 85% threshold of greening by Days 15 or 30 exhibited moderate (15-40%) to low (less than 10%) frequency of whole plant regeneration. This greening response suggests the means for an early prediction system for identification of useful rice regenerator lines, which would be beneficial for high-throughput screening of germplasm as well as for decreasing the time and cost of in vitro culture.