Main content area

Anthelmintic resistance: Management of parasite refugia for Haemonchus contortus through the replacement of resistant with susceptible populations

Muchiut, Sebastián Manuel, Fernández, Alicia Silvina, Steffan, Pedro Eduardo, Riva, Eliana, Fiel, César Alberto
Veterinary parasitology 2018 v.254 pp. 43-48
Haemonchus contortus, anthelmintics, at-risk population, disease control, farms, financial economics, flocks, on-farm research, parasites, refuge habitats, temperate zones
Sheep production in tropical and temperate regions is hampered by the presence of Haemonchus contortus, the blood-sucking nematode that is the major cause of economic losses in small ruminant enterprises. The most limiting factor in the control of this parasitic disease is the steady progress of anthelmintic resistance worldwide. The search for control strategies that minimise the use of anthelmintics is therefore central to various efforts worldwide. One strategy is the introduction of susceptible parasites in refugia when these refugia are at low levels. This strategy could lead to a renewed possibility anthelmintics being effective. At farm level, this management practice could recover the use of anthelmintics in flocks with high levels of resistance. This review explores the possibility of replacing resistant H. contortus populations with susceptible ones through refugia management and. highlights the experiences of on-farm research attempts carried out in different geographical areas, reaching various degrees of success.