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An ISMap02-like insertion sequence in Mycobacterium spp. interferes with specific detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis

Park, Hong-Tae, Park, Hyun-Eui, Jung, Young-Hoon, Yoo, Han Sang
Veterinary microbiology 2018 v.216 pp. 1-6
DDE (pesticide), DNA primers, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, cattle, diarrhea, disease diagnosis, enteritis, feces, genes, nucleotide sequences, paratuberculosis, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, ribosomal RNA, species identification
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is a causative agent of Johne’s disease or paratuberculosis (PTB), which is a chronic debilitating disease in ruminants, that is characterized by incurable enteritis and persistent diarrhea. ISMap02 is one of the major targets of PCR because it is present in multicopies (six copies) and known to be specific to MAP. However, in the present study, non-MAP mycobacteria were shown to be positive by ISMap02 targeting PCR. Two bacterial isolates (Sample ID: BO-038 and BO-042) were cultured from bovine fecal samples that produced positive results in three of two ISMap02 targeting PCR analyses with negative results in IS900 real-time PCR. Species identification using 16S rRNA gene sequencing and hsp65 gene partial sequencing revealed that strains BO-038 and BO-042 were M. virginiense and M. nonchromogenicum, respectively, which both belong to the M. terrae complex (MTC). Moreover, the two isolates shared a novel insertion sequence (IS) with high similarity to some parts of nucleotide sequences of ISMap02, and IS was presumed to be identical to that present in M. heraklionense. Both the novel IS and ISMap02 were characterized as IS1182 family members, and several sequences similar to ISMap02 were identified by BLAST analysis. In addition, the DDE transposase of the novel IS showed great similarity in the N-terminal portion with the IS5/1182 DDE transposase of other mycobacteria. These results suggest that ISMap02 has a conserved region with similarity to other ISs, and that the diagnostic value of the primer sets targeting that region should be re-addressed.