Main content area

RNA-seq analysis of lncRNA-controlled developmental gene expression during puberty in goat & rat

Gao, Xiaoxiao, Ye, Jing, Yang, Chen, Luo, Lei, Liu, Ya, Ding, Jianping, Zhang, Yunhai, Ling, Yinghui, Huang, Weiping, Zhang, Xiaorong, Zhang, Kaifa, Li, Xiumei, Zhou, Jie, Fang, Fugui, Cao, Zubing
BMC genetics 2018 v.19 no.1 pp. 19
animal development, exons, females, gene expression, gene expression regulation, gene ontology, goats, insulin secretion, messenger RNA, non-coding RNA, open reading frames, oxytocin, puberty, rats, sequence analysis, signal transduction, small interfering RNA
BACKGROUND: Puberty is a pivotal stage in female animal development, and marks the onset of reproductive capability. However, little is known about the function of lncRNAs (long noncoding RNAs) in puberty. Therefore, RNA-seq analysis were performed between goats and rats to clarify the roles of lncRNAs and mRNAs in the onset of puberty. RESULTS: In the present study, the length of lncRNAs, the length of the open reading frame and the exon count were compared between the two species. Furthermore, functional annotation analysis based on Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and Gene Ontology (GO) analysis of lncRNAs target genes and differentially expressed mRNA demonstrated the significantly enriched terms, such as AMPK signaling pathway, oxytocin signaling pathway, insulin secretion as well as pheromone receptor activity, and some other signaling pathways which were involved in the regulation of female puberty. Moreover, our results of siRNA interference in vitro showed the candidate lncRNA XLOC_446331 may play a crucial role in regulating female puberty. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the RNA-seq analysis between goat and rat provide novel candidate regulators for genetic and molecular studies on female puberty.