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The environmental Kuznets curve model for greenhouse gas emissions in Canada
- Olale, Edward, Ochuodho, Thomas O., Lantz, Van, El Armali, Jafar
- Journal of cleaner production 2018 v.184 pp. 859-868
- econometrics, environmental degradation, greenhouse gas emissions, models, technological change, Canada
- This paper tests for the applicability of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis at the Canadian and provincial/territorial levels using greenhouse gas emissions as an indicator for environmental degradation. The hypothesis is tested using provincial and territorial panel data from 1990 to 2014. The results vary depending on the econometric estimation method. The pooled regression results are mixed, with the EKC hypothesis confirmed at the Canadian level and in half of the provinces and territories. However, the fixed-effects regression results confirm the EKC hypothesis at the Canadian level and in all provinces and territories. The results also highlight the significance of technological change and province/territory specific characteristics in determining the level of greenhouse gas emissions.