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Microtubular remodeling and decreased expression of Nav1.5 with enhanced EHD4 in cells from the infarcted heart

Dun, Wen, Danilo, Peter, Mohler, Peter J., Boyden, Penelope A.
Life sciences 2018 v.201 pp. 72-80
arrhythmia, cell membranes, dogs, electric power, heart, physiological transport, sequence homology, sodium channels, staining, tubulin
Cardiac Na⁺ channel remodeling provides a critical substrate for generation of reentrant arrhythmias in border zones of the infarcted canine heart. Recent studies show that Nav1.5 cytoskeletal- and endosomal-based membrane trafficking and function are linked to tubulin, microtubular (MT) networks, and Eps15 homology domain containing proteins like EHD4.Our objective is to understand the relation of tubulin and EHD4 to Nav1.5 channel protein remodeling observed in border zone cells (IZs) when arrhythmias are known to occur; that is, 3-h, 48-h and 5-day post coronary occlusion.Our voltage clamp and immunostaining data show that INa density is decreased in the epicardial border zone cells of the 48 h infarcted heart (IZ48h). Immunostaining studies reveal that in post MI cells the cell surface staining of Nav1.5 was reduced and Nav1.5 distribution changed. However, intense co-staining of Nav1.5 and tubulin occurs in core planes and the perinuclear areas in post MI cells. At the same time, there were marked changes in the subcellular location of the EHD4 protein. EHD4 is co-localized with tubulin protein in discrete intracellular “highway” structures.The distribution and expression of the three proteins are altered dynamically in post MI cells. In sum, our work illustrates the spatiotemporal complexity of remodeling mechanisms in the post-infarct myocyte. It will be important in future experiments to further explore direct links between MT, EHD proteins, and cell proteins involved in forward trafficking.