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Activated carbon as a means of limiting bioaccumulation of organochlorine pesticides, triclosan, triclocarban, and fipronil from sediments rich in organic matter

Author:
Dang, Viet D., Kroll, Kevin J., Supowit, Samuel D., Halden, Rolf U., Denslow, Nancy D.
Source:
Chemosphere 2018 v.197 pp. 627-633
ISSN:
0045-6535
Subject:
Lumbriculus variegatus, activated carbon, aquatic organisms, bioaccumulation, dieldrin, fipronil, hydrophobicity, lakes, organic carbon, organic matter, pollutants, remediation, sediment contamination, sediments
Abstract:
Addition of activated carbon to contaminated sediment is an established means of remediation but its applicability to sediments high in organic carbon is presently unknown. We evaluated the effects of adding either granular activated carbon (GAC) or pelletized fine-grained activated carbon (PfAC, containing ∼ 50% AC) to contaminated sediments from Lake Apopka featuring a very high total organic carbon content (∼39% w/w dry). Sediments showing background levels of legacy pesticides were spiked with a mixture of 5 chemicals (p,p′-DDE, dieldrin, triclosan, triclocarban, and fipronil) to a nominal concentration of 2 μg/g sediment for each chemical. Following incubation of spiked sediments with the addition of activated carbon for 30 days, we assessed the success on limiting bioaccumulation using Lumbriculus variegatus (blackworm). In contaminant-spiked sediments amended with PfAC, blackworm body burdens of triclosan, triclocarban, and fipronil decreased by >50% and those of p,p′-DDE and dieldrin decreased by <30%. GAC addition to spiked sediments was less impactful, and yielded notable benefits in worm body burden reduction only for fipronil (40%). Fipronil achieved high treatment efficiency within the 30 day amendment with both GAC and PfAC. This is the first study to examine AC treatment in artificially contaminated sediments intrinsically very rich in organic matter content. PfAC exhibited superior performance over GAC for mitigating the uptake of certain organochlorines by aquatic organisms. These results indicate that further studies focusing on additional types of sediments and a broader spectrum of hydrophobic pollutants are warranted.
Agid:
5925934