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Effect of Low-Selenium/High-Fat Diet on Pig Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes: Perspectives from Selenoproteins, Heat Shock Proteins, and Cytokines

Liu, Tianqi, Yang, Tianshu, Pan, Tingru, Liu, Ci, Li, Shu
Biological trace element research 2018 v.183 no.1 pp. 102-113
boars, body weight, crossbreds, gene expression, genes, heat shock proteins, high fat diet, inducible nitric oxide synthase, inflammation, interferon-gamma, interleukin-1alpha, interleukin-1beta, interleukin-6, interleukin-8, interleukin-9, lymphocytes, messenger RNA, piglets, selenium, selenoproteins, transcription factor NF-kappa B, transforming growth factor beta 1, tumor necrosis factor-alpha
The aim of the present study was to clarify the effect of low selenium (Se)/high fat on the mRNA expression of selenoproteins, heat shock proteins (HSPs) and cytokines in pig peripheral blood lymphocytes. Forty crossbred boar piglets with healthy lean body weights of 10 kg were randomly divided into four treatment groups (group C, group L-Se, group H-fat, and group L-Se-H-fat) (n = 10/group) and fed with the corresponding diet for 16 weeks. The pig peripheral blood lymphocytes were extracted, and the mRNA expression of selenoproteins, HSPs, and cytokines was measured. Most mRNA levels for selenoproteins decreased in group L-Se, group H-fat, and group L-Se-H-fat, except Gpx1, Gpx2, Selt, and Selm, which were elevated in group H-fat. At the same time, low-Se/high-fat diet increased the expression of HSPs (HSP40, HSP60, HSP70, and HSP90) and inflammatory cytokines (IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-9, iNOS, COX-2, NF-κB, and TNF-α) in group L-Se, group H-fat, and group L-Se-H-fat, and genes in group L-Se-H-fat showed greater increases. Also, low-Se/high-fat diet inhibits the expression of TGF-β1 and IFN-γ. In summary, a low-Se/high-fat diet can cause relevant selenoprotein expression changes and promote the expression of pro-inflammatory factors and HSPs, and low Se enhances the expression of HSPs and inflammation factors induced by high fat. This information is helpful for understanding the effects of low-Se and high-fat diet on pig peripheral blood lymphocytes.