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Analytical approaches for the determination of personal care products and evaluation of their occurrence in marine organisms

Montesdeoca-Esponda, Sarah, Checchini, Leonardo, Del Bubba, Massimo, Sosa-Ferrera, Zoraida, Santana-Rodriguez, José Juan
The Science of the total environment 2018 v.633 pp. 405-425
analytical methods, aquatic organisms, humans, marine environment, personal care products
Contamination of the aquatic environment caused by multiple human activities may exert a negative impact on all living organisms. Several contaminants of emerging concern such as personal care products (PCPs) are continuously released into the aquatic environment where they are biologically active and persistent.This work reviews the current knowledge, provided by papers published after 2010 and indexed by SciFinder, Scopus, and Google search engines, about the determination and occurrence of PCPs in marine biota. Analytical methodologies have been critically reviewed, emphasizing the importance of green and high-throughput approaches and focusing the discussion on the complexity of the solute-matrix interaction in the extraction step, as well as the matrix effect in the instrumental determination. Finally, the worldwide distribution of PCPs is surveyed, taking into account the concentrations found in the same organism in different marine environments. Differences among various world areas have been highlighted, evidencing some critical aspects from an environmental point of view.