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Identification and genetic analysis of Kadipiro virus isolated in Shandong province, China

Zhang, Weijia, Li, Fan, Liu, Aiguo, Lin, Xiaojuan, Fu, Shihong, Song, Jingdong, Liu, Guifang, Shao, Nan, Tao, Zexin, Wang, Qianying, He, Ying, Lei, Wenwen, Liang, Guodong, Xu, Aiqiang, Zhao, Li, Wang, Huanyu
Virology journal 2018 v.15 no.1 pp. 64
Aedes albopictus, Anopheles sinensis, Armigeres, Culex, Kadipiro virus, Odonata, amino acids, cell culture, genetic analysis, genome, high-throughput nucleotide sequencing, viruses, China, Indonesia
BACKGROUND: Kadipiro virus (KDV) belongs to the Reoviridae family, which consists of segmented, non-enveloped, double-stranded RNA viruses. It has previously been isolated from Culex, Anopheles, Armigeres and Aedes mosquitoes in Indonesia and China. Here, we describe the isolation and characterization of SDKL1625 from Anopheles sinensis mosquitoes in Shandong province, China. METHODS: In this study, we isolated Kadipiro virus in Aedes albopictus C6/36 cell culture and the complete genome sequencing was made by next generation sequencing. RESULTS: We isolated and characterized a Kadipiro virus from Anopheles sinensis mosquitoes in 2016 in Shandong province, China. Nucleotide and amino acid homology analysis of SDKL1625 showed higher levels of sequence identity with QTM27331 (Odonata, China, 2016) than with JKT-7075 (Culex fuscocephalus, Indonesia, 1981). The SDKL1625 has 86–97% amino acid identity with the JKT-7075, 88–99% amino acid identity with the QTM27331. Among the 12 fragments, VP1, VP2, VP4, VP6, VP7, VP9 and VP12 showed high amino acid identity (> 90%) and VP5 showed the lowest identity (86% and 88%). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first identification of KDV from mosquito in China. Virus morphology and genome organization were also determined, which will further enrich our understanding of the molecular biological characteristics of KDV and seadornaviruses.