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Accumulation and distribution characteristics of biomass and nitrogen in bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) under different fertilization strategies

Author:
Zhang, Baige, Li, Mingzhu, Li, Qiang, Cao, Jian, Zhang, Changyuan, Zhang, Fusuo, Song, Zhao, Chen, Xinping
Source:
Journal of the science of food and agriculture 2018 v.98 no.7 pp. 2681-2688
ISSN:
0022-5142
Subject:
Momordica charantia, biomass, crops, fertilizer application, field experimentation, fruit yield, fruits, leaves, nitrogen, nitrogen fertilizers, nutrient management, plant growth, slow-release fertilizers
Abstract:
BACKGROUND: The elemental uptake and allocation patterns of crops create insight for nutrient management. Two‐year field experiments were conducted to determine the growth and nitrogen (N) uptake patterns of bitter gourd and to evaluate different N management strategies. Two N practices during the nursery stage, namely the conventional fertilizer method (Scon) and the controlled‐release fertilizer management method (Scrf), combined with three N management strategies after transplanting, namely zero N fertilizer application (Nno), the conventional strategy (Ncon) and the systematic N management strategy (Nopt), were assessed. RESULTS: Averaged over two years, the Scrf‐Nopt treatment performed best, producing 33.1 t ha⁻¹ fruit yield with 310 kg N ha⁻¹, indicating that the yield was 22.6% greater by using 18.8% less fertilizer N than in the Scon‐Ncon treatment. The Scrf‐Nopt treatment facilitated plant growth by accumulating 20.0% more total dry weight and prioritized its allocation to productive organs (57.2%), while the Scon‐Ncon strategy was biased toward leaves (56.3%) over fruits (43.8%). Nitrogen uptake and distribution closely followed the pattern of biomass. CONCLUSION: The Scrf‐Nopt fertilization strategy coordinated the important role that N plays in total accumulation and well proportion of biomass and N in bitter gourd developmental processes. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry
Agid:
5927901