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Use of response surface methodology to study the combined effects of temperature and salinity on hatching and deformity of the hybrid grouper, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus (♀) × Epinephelus polyphekadion (♂)

Huang, Jiansheng, Chen, Gang, Wang, Zhongliang, Zhang, Jiandong
Aquaculture research 2018 v.49 no.5 pp. 1997-2005
Epinephelus fuscoguttatus, eggs, embryogenesis, equations, grouper, hatching, hybrids, larvae, models, prediction, response surface methodology, salinity, temperature
This study seeks to identify the optimal combination of temperature and salinity for the embryo development of the hybrid groupers, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus (♀) × Epinephelus polyphekadion (♂), using the central composite design and response surface methodology. Results have shown that the low hatching rates of fertilized eggs and high deformity rates of larvae were the result of lower or higher temperature/salinity levels. The linear effects of temperature and salinity were significant in both hatching rates and deformity rates (p < .01). Similar results were observed in the quadratic effects of temperature and salinity (p < .01). Effects of temperature were positively related to salinity effects (p < .05). Salinity effects were more remarkable than temperature on hatching rates, but not the same on deformity rates. Model equations were established for temperature and salinity effects on hatching rates and deformity rates. A high coefficient of determination (R² > .97) was found for the adequacy and predictive capability of model equations, indicating that these models can be applied to prediction. The optimal combination of temperature and salinity was 27.58°C/30.94, which was derived from the statistical optimization approach. In this condition, the hatching rate was the highest at 85.73%, and the deformity rate was the lowest at 5.96%, with a high desirability function of 0.957. The results of this study can be applied to improve hatching and decrease deformity in future cultures of hybrid groupers.