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An enhancement of antimicrobial efficacy of biogenic and ceftriaxone-conjugated silver nanoparticles: green approach

Shanmuganathan, Rajasree, MubarakAli, Davoodbasha, Prabakar, Desika, Muthukumar, Harshiny, Thajuddin, Nooruddin, Kumar, SmitaS., Pugazhendhi, Arivalagan
Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.11 pp. 10362-10370
Bacillus cereus, Daucus carota, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, animal pathogens, antimicrobial properties, biogenesis, ceftriaxone, cytotoxicity, dose response, nanoparticles, nanosilver, transmission electron microscopy, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy
Of the various methods explored for the synthesis of nanoparticles, biogenesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) received great attention due to their versatile properties. In this report, Daucus carota extract was used for the synthesis of AgNPs and ceftriaxone was conjugated with AgNPs to enhance their antimicrobial efficacy. The conjugated and unconjugated AgNPs were characterized by adopting UV-Vis spectroscopy, FTIR, AFM, DLS, and TEM, which revealed the SPR peak at 420 nm and spherical shaped nanoparticles of 20 nm size, respectively. The antimicrobial efficacies of the unconjugated AgNPs and ceftriaxone-conjugated AgNPs were tested against ceftriaxone-resistant human pathogens, Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The ceftriaxone-conjugated AgNPs showed high inhibitory action (23 mm) than the unconjugated AgNPs (18 mm) at the concentration of 50 μg/mL. Both the unconjugated and ceftriaxone-conjugated AgNPs were found to be non-toxic on EAC cells at 50 μg/mL. The dose-dependent cytotoxic activities were observed on increasing the concentration of the AgNPs. The ceftriaxone-conjugated AgNPs showed high activity than the unconjugated AgNPs. The enhanced activity could be useful to treat ceftriaxone-resistant human pathogens.