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Does gender matter in the adoption of push-pull pest management and other sustainable agricultural practices? Evidence from Western Kenya

Muriithi, BeatriceW., Menale, Kassie, Diiro, Gracious, Muricho, Geoffrey
Food security 2018 v.10 no.2 pp. 253-272
animal manures, corn, crop rotation, econometrics, farmers, females, fertilizer application, gender differences, integrated pest management, intercropping, legumes, males, seeds, soil, sustainable agriculture, water conservation, Kenya
This paper examines whether there is a difference in the adoption of push-pull pest management technology (PPT) and other sustainable agricultural practices (SAPs) on field-plots managed by males or females and those that are jointly-managed by males and females using plot-level and gender disaggregated data from Western Kenya. The econometric results suggest that there was no gender heterogeneity in the adoption of PPT after controlling for the manager of the field-plot and plot characteristics. However, gender differences in the adoption pattern of some other SAPs were evident. Jointly-managed plots were more likely to receive animal manure and soil and water conservation measures compared to male-managed and female-managed plots. We did not find any gender differences in the adoption of maize-grain legume intercropping, crop rotation, fertilizer use and improved maize seeds. The analysis further showed a significant correlation between PPT and other SAPs, suggesting that the adoption of agricultural technologies is interrelated. Lack of evidence on gender differences suggests that promotion and dissemination of PPT can be supported equally for male and female cereal farmers. Wider adoption can be achieved through promoting awareness of the technology and offering training through field days.