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Promoting degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid with fermentative effluents from hydrogen-producing reactor

Yang, Zhiman, Shi, Xiaoshuang, Dai, Meng, Wang, Lin, Xu, Xiaohui, Guo, Rongbo
Chemosphere 2018 v.201 pp. 859-863
2,4-D, Clostridium, Dechloromonas, acetates, bacterial communities, bioremediation, butyrates, community structure, effluents, enrichment culture, paddy soils, propionic acid, sequence analysis, volatile fatty acids
This research aims to identifying the potential effect of using a hydrogen-producing reactor’s effluent as an enrichment amendment for enhancing the degradation rates of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) during the bioremediation of contaminated paddy soils. The results showed that addition of the effluents to 2,4-D- degrading enrichment culture enhanced (up to 1.3-fold) the degradation rate constant of 2,4-D. The enhancement effect most probably resulted from the co-metabolic degradation of 2,4-D facilitated by volatile fatty acids (e.g., acetate, propionate, and butyrate) in the effluents which served as the beneficial substrates. Results from DNA sequencing analysis showed that the effluent additions shifted the bacterial community composition in the enrichment culture. Dechloromonas and Clostridium were two dominant bacterial genera involved in 2,4-D degradation. The findings will make a substantial contribution to remediation of soils contaminated with 2,4-D.