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Recombinant NADP-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase of Edwardsiella tarda induces both Th1 and Th2 type immune responses and evokes protective efficacy against edwardsiellosis

Tang, Xiaoqian, Liu, Fuguo, Sheng, Xiuzhen, Xing, Jing, Zhan, Wenbin
Vaccine 2018 v.36 no.17 pp. 2337-2345
Edwardsiella tarda, Paralichthys olivaceus, Western blotting, antibacterial properties, antibodies, blood serum, disease resistance, electron microscopy, flounder, formalin, immune response, interferon-gamma, interleukin-6, isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP), lymphocytes, mass spectrometry, microbial load, models, outer membrane proteins, pathogens, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, spleen, vaccines
Edwardsiella tarda has become one of the most severe fish pathogens throughout the world. Thus, studies on the design and production of highly protective vaccines against this pathogen, as well as the mechanisms of vaccine-induced disease resistance are urgently needed. In this study, the NADP-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) of E. tarda was recombinantly expressed and flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) anti-rIDH serum was prepared. Also, the outer membrane proteins (OMPs) of E. tarda were extracted and analyzed by western blotting. The results showed that flounder anti-rIDH serum could specifically recognize a 44 kDa protein of E. tarda OMPs, which was identified to be the native IDH of E. tarda by mass spectrometric. Consistently, immunogold electron microscopy showed that IDH could be detected on the membrane of E. tarda. Then, the vaccine potential of rIDH was tested in a flounder model, and the results showed that rIDH produced a relative percent survival (RPS) of 73.3%, which was significantly higher than that produced by formalin killed E. tarda cells. Immunological analysis showed that rIDH could induce the proliferation of rIDH-specific sIg+ lymphocytes, which resulted in the production of anti-E. tarda antibodies. Accordingly, serum bactericidal activity assay showed that the serum of rIDH vaccinated fish exhibited the highest bactericidal activity compared with other groups. qRT-PCR analysis showed that rIDH could enhance the expressions of IFN-γ, NKEF, IL-6, MHCIα, CD4-1 and CD8α. Moreover, the bacterial burden was also detected in vaccinated fish after challenge, which showed that the number of E. tarda cells in spleen of rIDH group was significantly lower than other groups. All these results suggested that rIDH is a promising vaccine candidate against E. tarda infection.