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Vertical stratification of volatile organic compounds and their photochemical product formation potential in an industrial urban area

Vo, Thi-Dieu-Hien, Lin, Chitsan, Weng, Chien-Erh, Yuan, Chung-Shin, Lee, Chia-Wei, Hung, Chung-Hsuang, Bui, Xuan-Thanh, Lo, Kuo-Cheng, Lin, Jun-Xian
Journal of environmental management 2018 v.217 pp. 327-336
aerosols, air, air quality, emissions, industrialization, oil and gas industry, ozone, photochemistry, unmanned aerial vehicles, urban areas, volatile organic compounds, Taiwan
High emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from the petrochemical industry and vehicle exhaust may contribute to high ozone formation potential (OFP) and secondary organic aerosol formation potential (SOAFP). In this study, the vertical profiles of VOCs were created for the southern Taiwan industrial city of Kaohsiung. Vertical air samples were collected up to 1000 m using an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). In Renwu District, VOC distribution was affected by the inversion layer up to 200 m height. Total VOCs (36–327 ppbv), OFP (66–831 ppbv) and SOAFP (0.12–5.55 ppbv) stratified by height were the highest values at 300 m. The VOCs originated from both local and long-distance transport sources. These findings can be integrated into Kaohsiung's future air quality improvement plans and serve as a reference for other industrialized areas worldwide.