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Recycling of drinking water treatment residue as an additional medium in columns for effective P removal from eutrophic surface water

Wang, Changhui, Wu, Yu, Bai, Leilei, Zhao, Yaqian, Yan, Zaisheng, Jiang, Helong, Liu, Xin
Journal of environmental management 2018 v.217 pp. 363-372
Dechloromonas, Geobacter, Leucobacter, Microcystis aeruginosa, Mycobacterium, Rhodoplanes, adsorption, adverse effects, aluminum, bioavailability, biogeochemical cycles, breeding, denitrification, drinking water, eutrophication, heat treatment, iron, organic matter, pathogenicity, pollution, pollution control, recycling, surface water, water treatment
This study assesses the feasibility of recycling drinking water treatment residue (DWTR) to treat eutrophic surface water in a one-year continuous flow column test. Heat-treated DWTR was used as an additional medium (2%–4%) in columns in case excessive organic matter and N were released from the DWTR to surface water. The results indicated that with minimal undesirable effects on other water properties, DWTR addition substantially enhanced P removal, rendering P concentrations in treated water oligotrophic and treated water unsuitable for Microcystis aeruginosa breeding. Long-term stable P removal by DWTR–column treatment was mainly attributed to the relatively low P levels in raw water (<0.108 mg L−1) and high P adsorption capability of DWTR, as confirmed by increases in amorphous Al/Fe in DWTR after the tests and low adsorption of P in the mobile forms. The major components of DWTR showed minimal changes, and potential metal pollution from DWTR was not a factor to consider during recycling. DWTR also enriched functional bacterial genera that benefitted biogeochemical cycles and multiple pollution control (e.g., Dechloromonas, Geobacter, Leucobacter, Nitrospira, Rhodoplanes, and Sulfuritalea); an apparent decrease in Mycobacterium with potential pathogenicity was observed in DWTR–columns. Regardless, limited denitrification of DWTR–columns was observed as a result of low bioavailability of C in surface water. This finding indicates that DWTR can be used with other methods to ensure denitrification for enhanced treatment effects. Overall, the use of DWTR as an additional medium in column systems can potentially treat eutrophic surface water.