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Applicability analysis of the solar heating system with parabolic trough solar collectors in different regions of China
- Fan, Man, Liang, Hongbo, You, Shijun, Zhang, Huan, Yin, Baoquan, Wu, Xiaoting
- Applied energy 2018 v.221 pp. 100-111
- absorption, cost effectiveness, heat exchangers, heat pumps, heat transfer, light intensity, models, oils, primary energy, solar energy, temperature, weather, China
- This study aimed to investigate the applicability of the solar heating system in different geographical regions with different meteorological conditions, of which parabolic trough solar collectors (PTCs) were operated with the absorption heat pumps (AHP) and oil/water heat exchanger (OWHE) at medium and low operating temperature respectively. The heat transfer model for PTCs was constructed with a lumped parameter method and validated by experimental results. The thermal performance of the system was evaluated by the index of primary energy ratio (PER). The results showed that on overcast days with low direct normal irradiance (DNI), the operation of the PTC + AHP/OWHE system was not cost-effective. On cloudy days with high DNI lasting for a short period (e.g. 2 h), the operation of the PTC + OWHE system was better than that of the PTC + AHP system as the latter needed more preheating energy before the system operation. While on sunny days with high DNI lasting for a longer period (e.g. 8 h), the PTC + AHP system was suggested to be operated as it owned higher PER values. Besides, the solar energy distributions in China could be divided into four categories, i.e. rich (S1), relatively rich (S2), available (S3) and absent (S4). In S1 region the PTC + AHP system was suggested to be operated. In S4 region the PTC + AHP/OWHE system was not suggested to be operated. While in S2 and S3 region, whether the operation of the PTC + AHP/OWHE system was suggested depending on the meteorological conditions. With these findings the developing strategy of the solar heating system in different geographical regions can be devised and the operating strategy on a specific day with different weather conditions can be developed, which is helpful to guide the application of solar energy and improve the energy structure in domestic heating.