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ABA and IAA control microsporogenesis in Petunia hybrida L.

Kovaleva, L.V., Voronkov, A.S., Zakharova, E.V., Andreev, I.M.
Protoplasma 2018 v.255 no.3 pp. 751-759
microsporogenesis, gametophytes, programmed cell death, Petunia hybrida, immunohistochemistry, microsporocytes, males, prophase, abscisic acid, meiosis, pollen, indole acetic acid
The formation of fertile male gametophyte is known to require timely degeneration of polyfunctional tapetum tissue. The last process caused by the programmed cell death (PCD) is a part of the anther program maturation which leads to sequential anther tissue destruction coordinated with pollen differentiation. In the present work, distribution of abscisic acid (ABA) and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) in developing anthers of male-fertile and male-sterile lines of petunia (Petunia hybrida L.) was analyzed by using the immunohistochemical method. It was established that the development of fertile male gametophyte was accompanied by monotonous elevation of ABA and IAA levels in reproductive cells and, in contrast, their monotonous lowering in tapetum cells and the middle layers. Abortion of microsporocytes in the meiosis prophase in the sterile line caused by premature tapetum degeneration along with complete maintenance of the middle layers was accompanied by dramatic, twofold elevation in the levels of both the phytohormones in reproductive cells. The data obtained allowed us to conclude that at the meiosis stage ABA and IAA are involved in the PCD of microsporocytes.