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PGL3 is required for chlorophyll synthesis and impacts leaf senescence in rice

Ye, Jing, Yang, Yao-long, Wei, Xing-hua, Niu, Xiao-jun, Wang, Shan, Xu, Qun, Yuan, Xiao-ping, Yu, Han-yong, Wang, Yi-ping, Feng, Yue, Wang, Shu
Journal of Zhejiang University 2018 v.19 no.4 pp. 263-273
Oryza sativa, chlorophyll, chloroplasts, color, ethyl methanesulfonate, gene expression regulation, genes, grain quality, leaves, metabolism, molecular cloning, mutants, phenotype, reactive oxygen species, rice, temperature, transcription (genetics), China
Rice leaf color mutants play a great role in research about the formation and development of chloroplasts and the genetic mechanism of the chlorophyll (Chl) metabolism pathway. pgl3 is a rice leaf color mutant derived from Xiushui11 (Oryza sativa L. spp. japonica), treated with ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS). The mutant exhibited a pale-green leaf (pgl) phenotype throughout the whole development as well as reduced grain quality. Map-based cloning of PGL3 revealed that it encodes the chloroplast signal recognition particle 43 kDa protein (cpSRP43). PGL3 affected the Chl synthesis by regulating the expression levels of the Chl synthesis-associated genes. Considerable reactive oxygen species were accumulated in the leaves of pgl3, and the transcription levels of its scavenging genes were down-regulated, indicating that pgl3 can accelerate senescence. In addition, high temperatures could inhibit the plant’s growth and facilitate the process of senescence in pgl3.