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Chloramine T induced oxidative stress and the response of antioxidant system in Phanerochaete chrysosporium

Tongul, Burcu, Kavakcıoğlu, Berna, Tarhan, Leman
Folia microbiologica 2018 v.63 no.3 pp. 325-333
Phanerochaete chrysosporium, antioxidants, catalase, glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione transferase, glutathione-disulfide reductase, lipid peroxidation, oxidative stress, superoxide dismutase
In this study, the effect of chloramine T (Chl-T) on the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), glutathione reductase (GR) and glutathione S-transferase (GST); the levels of reduced (GSH) and oxidised glutathione (GSSG) and their ratios; and also membrane lipid peroxidation (LPO) levels in Phanerochaete chrysosporium were investigated in a dose- (0.25–1 mmol/L) and time-dependent (1.5–9 h) manner. The highest SOD activity was observed in 0.5 mmol/L Chl-T at 6th hour as 1.48-fold of its control. The observed highest level in CAT activities was 4.6-fold of control in 0.5 and 0.75 mmol/L at the 6th hour. The GSH levels that were over the control showed decreasing tendency from the beginning of incubation, except 0.25 mmol/L. In contrast with GSH level variations, GSSG levels reached 10.0-fold of its control by showing increasing tendency with the increases in concentration and time. While the GSH/GSSG ratios were over the control at 0.25 mmol/L during all incubation, they fell under the control values at the earlier hours of incubation with the increasing concentrations of Chl-T. Glutathione-related enzymes GSH-Px, GR and GST were also induced with Chl-T treatment, and the highest activities were 3.29-, 7.5- and 6.56-fold of their controls, respectively. On the other hand, the increases in LPO levels with increasing concentration and time up to 5.27-fold of its control showed that the inductions observed in antioxidant system could not prevent the Chl-T-based oxidative stress.