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Anti-osteoarthritic effects of ChondroT in a rat model of collagenase-induced osteoarthritis

Jeong, Jiwon, Bae, Kiljoon, Kim, Sun-Gil, Kwak, Dongwook, Moon, Young-Joo, Choi, Chan-Hun, Kim, Young-Ran, Na, Chang-Su, Kim, Seon-Jong
BMC complementary and alternative medicine 2018 v.18 no.1 pp. 131
albumins, alternative medicine, animal models, anti-inflammatory activity, aspartate transaminase, blood serum, cartilage, chondrocytes, collagenase, cortex, creatinine, drug therapy, indomethacin, interleukin-1beta, interleukin-6, lymphocytes, oral administration, osteoarthritis, proteoglycans, rats, staining, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, urea nitrogen
BACKGROUND: Previously, we reported that ChondorT showed significant anti-arthritis and anti-inflammatory effects. ChondroT, a new herbal medication, consists of the water extracts of Osterici Radix, Lonicerae Folium, Angelicae Gigantis Radix, Clematidis Radix, and Phellodendri Cortex (6:4:4:4:3). The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of ChondroT in collagenase-induced osteoarthritis rat model. METHODS: Osteoarthritis was induced by the injection of collagenase into the right knee joint cavity of rats. The samples were divided into seven groups [intact (n = 6), control (n = 6), indomethacin (n = 6), Joins tab (n = 6), ChondroT50 (n = 6), ChondroT100 (n = 6), and ChondroT200 (n = 6)]. The control group was administered normal saline, indomethacin group was administered indomethacin (2 mg/kg), and Joins tab group was administered Joins Tab (20 mg/kg). The ChondroT50, ChondroT100, and ChondroT200 groups were administered 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg of ChondroT, respectively. All oral administrations were initiated 7 days after the induction of arthritis and were continued for a total of 12 days. At the end of the experiment, serum aminotransferase, albumin, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, leukocyte, and inflammatory cytokines [tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6] were analyzed. Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and safranin O-fast green staining of the articular structures of the knee joint were performed. RESULTS: TNF-α and IL-1β decreased in the ChondroT100 and ChondroT200 groups compared with those in the control group. IL-6 and aspartate aminotransferase decreased in the ChondroT50, ChondroT100, and ChondroT200 groups compared with that in the control group. Albumin, WBC and lymphocytes decreased in the ChondroT100 and ChondroT200 groups compared with those in the control group. In H&E stain, synoviocytes, cartilage lacunae, and chondrocytes were well preserved in the ChondroT100 and ChondroT200 groups, and safranin O-fast staining showed a clear reaction of proteoglycans in the ChondroT100 and ChondroT200 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Based on these results, it can be proposed that ChondroT has anti-osteoarthritic effects on collagenase-induced rat model.