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Performance evaluation of duplex constructed wetlands for the treatment of diesel contaminated wastewater

Mustapha, Hassana Ibrahim, Gupta, Pankaj Kumar, Yadav, Brijesh Kumar, van Bruggen, J.J.A., Lens, P.N.L.
Chemosphere 2018 v.205 pp. 166-177
Phragmites australis, constructed wetlands, databases, greenhouses, hydrocarbons, light intensity, models, pH, petroleum, photons, temperature, wastewater, wastewater treatment
A duplex constructed wetland (duplex-CW) is a hybrid system that combines a vertical flow (VF) CW as a first stage with a horizontal flow filter (HFF) as a second stage for a more efficient wastewater treatment as compared to traditional constructed wetlands. This study evaluated the potential of the hybrid CW system to treat influent wastewater containing diesel range organic compounds varying from C7 – C40 using a series of 12-week practical and numerical experiments under controlled conditions in a greenhouse (pH was kept at 7.0 ± 0.2, temperature between 20 and 23° C and light intensity between 85 and 100-μmol photons m⁻² sec⁻¹ for 16 h d⁻¹). The VF CWs were planted with Phragmites australis and were spiked with different concentrations of NH4⁺-N (10, 30 and 60 mg/L) and PO4³⁻-P (3, 6 and 12 mg/L) to analyse their effects on the degradation of the supplied petroleum hydrocarbons. The removal rate of the diesel range organics considering the different NH4⁺-N and PO4³⁻-P concentrations were simulated using Monod degradation kinetics. The simulated results compared well with the observed database. The results showed that the model can effectively be used to predict biochemical transformation and degradation of diesel range organic compounds along with nutrient amendment in duplex constructed wetlands.