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The accumulation, transformation, and effects of quinestrol in duckweed (Spirodela polyrhiza L.)

Geng, Qianqian, Li, Tian, Li, Pingliang, Wang, Xin, Chu, Weijing, Ma, Yanan, Ma, Hui, Ni, Hanwen
The Science of the total environment 2018 v.634 pp. 1034-1041
Spirodela polyrhiza, aquatic plants, bioaccumulation, biomass, catalase, endocrine-disrupting chemicals, enzyme activity, estrogens, malondialdehyde, nontarget organisms, risk, superoxide dismutase
Potential risk of endocrine disrupting compounds on non-target organisms has received extensive attentions in recent years. The present work aimed to investigate the behavior and effect of a synthetic steroid estrogen quinestrol in duckweed Spirodela polyrhiza L. Experimental results showed that quinestrol could be uptaken, accumulated, and biotransformed into 17 α-ethynylestradiol in S. polyrhiza L. The accumulation of quinestrol had a positive relation to the exposure concentration. The bioaccumulation rate was higher when the duckweed was exposed to quinestrol solutions at low concentrations than at high concentration. While the transformation of quinestrol showed no concentration-dependent manner. Quinestrol reduced the biomass and pigment content and increased superoxide dismutase and catalase activities and malondialdehyde contents in the duckweed. The results demonstrated that quinestrol could be accumulated and biotransformed in aquatic plant S. polyrhiza L. This work would provide supplemental data on the behavior of this steroid estrogen compound in aquatic system.