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Dual responsive aerogel made from thermo/pH sensitive graft copolymer alginate-g-P(NIPAM-co-NHMAM) for drug controlled release

Shao, Lin, Cao, Yang, Li, Zhanying, Hu, Wenbin, Li, Shize, Lu, Lingbin
International journal of biological macromolecules 2018 v.114 pp. 1338-1344
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, aerogels, alginates, chemical structure, composite polymers, drug carriers, drugs, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, pH, temperature
Alginate was grafted with NIPAM and NHMAM successfully, and a new responsive copolymer, alginate-g-P(NIPAM-co-NHMAM), was obtained. A novel dual responsive polysaccharide-based aerogel with thermo/pH sensitive properties was designed from the copolymer as drug controlled release system. The chemical structure of the copolymer was characterized by FT-IR and 1H NMR. Lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of the copolymer covered a wide temperature range from 27.6 °C to 42.2 °C, which could be adjusted with changing the ratio between NIPAM and NHMAM. The dual responsive aerogel had a three-dimensional network structure. As a drug controlled release system, the aerogel was high responsive to both temperature and pH with drug loading efficiency up to 13.24%. Above LCST, the aerogel had a faster drug release, and drug was completely released in neutral environment, while the drug release was obstructed in acid environment. Furthermore, the drug release mechanism of the aerogel was illuminated. These results indicated that the dual responsive aerogel was a promising candidate for drug carriers.