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Lisianthus response to salinity stress
- Ashrafi, N., Rezaei Nejad, A.
- Photosynthetica 2018 v.56 no.2 pp. 487-494
- calcium, cultivars, electrolytes, gas exchange, leaf area, leaves, lipid peroxidation, malondialdehyde, photosynthesis, pigments, potassium, regression analysis, roots, salinity, salt stress, salt tolerance, sand, seedlings, shoots, sodium chloride, stomatal conductance, water content
- The effect of salinity on some morpho-physiological characteristics in lisianthus cultivars was investigated. Cultivars namely, Blue Picotee (C1), Champagne (C₂), Lime Green (C₃), and Pure White (C₄), were subjected to salt stress (0–60 mM NaCl) in a sand culture and their responses were measured. Our results showed that as a salinity level increased, growth parameters, relative water content, photosynthetic pigments, and gas-exchange characteristics decreased in all cultivars, while root fresh mass, root/shoot length ratio, electrolyte leakage, and a malondialdehyde content increased. However, the changes were less pronounced in C₃ and C₄ compared to C1 and C₂. The regression analysis of the relationship between salinity levels and seedling height or root/shoot length ratio defined two groups with different slope coefficients: C1 and C₂ as salt-sensitive cultivars and C₃ and C₄ as salt-tolerant cultivars. Shoot dry mass and leaf area tolerance indices were less affected by salinity in C₃ and C₄ compared to those in C1 and C₂. Further, C₃ and C₄ showed higher photosynthetic rates, greater stomatal conductances, and accumulated greater K+ and Ca2+ contents and K+/Na+ ratios in roots and shoots compared to those in C1 and C₂. The results suggests that C₃ and C₄ could be recommended as resistant cultivars due to maintaining higher growth, water balance, leaf gas exchange, ion compartmentalization, and lower lipid peroxidation in response to salinity compared to C1 and C₂.