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Superelastic behavior of a metamagnetic Ni–Mn–Sn single crystal
- Czaja, P., Chulist, R., Tokarski, T., Czeppe, T., Chumlyakov, Y.I., Cesari, E.
- Journal of materials science 2018 v.53 no.14 pp. 10383-10395
- energy, entropy, microstructure, temperature
- A single-crystalline specimen with the composition of Ni₄₉.₅Mn₃₈.₄Sn₁₂.₂ shows a 4.9% recoverable transformation strain upon compressive loading. The critical compressive stress increases with temperature at the step of 5.6 MPa/K, whereas upon cycling it decreases by 18.1 MPa/cycle. The microstructure of the specimen undergoes considerable refinement upon superplastic training; however, it is only able to sustain a limited number of cycles (≤ 5). Martensite training, resulting in a single-variant microstructure, has a profound influence on the austenite start transformation temperature (ΔT = 29 K), resulting partially from the dissipation of the elastic strain energy. The Ni-Mn-Sn system is an interesting candidate for multiferroic applications given its mechano-magnetic properties and a huge value of the martensitic transformation entropy change (~ 50 J/kg K).