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Study of Phosphorus Removal by Using Sponge Iron Adsorption

Xue, Rui, Xu, Jian, Gu, Li, Pan, Longhui, He, Qiang
Water, air, and soil pollution 2018 v.229 no.5 pp. 161
adsorption, adverse effects, anions, chlorides, equations, eutrophication, iron, kinetics, lakes, models, nitrates, phosphates, phosphorus, sorption isotherms, sulfates
Phosphorus is one of the key elements causing lake eutrophication. This paper deals with phosphate removal by Sponge iron in batch and fixed-bed operation. Isotherm and kinetic studies are conducted. The isotherm data is described by the Freundlich and Langmuir model, while the kinetic data of adsorption is fitted by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The saturated adsorption capacity of Langmuir isothermal equation is about 3.25 mg/g. The concomitant anions have adverse effect on phosphate adsorption and the effects follow the order: NO₃⁻ > Cl⁻ > SO₄²⁻. The phosphate adsorption capacities of SI were improved significantly under the acidic condition. The results of the fixed-bed operation show that, with the increase of the influent phosphate concentrations, the breakthrough curve becomes steeper while the break point time decrease. According to the Adams–Bohart model, the critical height of the column decrease from 0.135 to 0.105 m when the contact time increased from 10 to 30 min with the influent concentration of 1.0 mg/L. According to BDST model, the critical bed depth is 0.15 m when the influent concentration of phosphate is 1.0 mg/L and the contact time (h) is 20 min.