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Potential sources of unintentionally produced PCB, HCB, and PeCBz in China: A preliminary overview

Liu, Xiaotu, Fiedler, Heidelore, Gong, Wenwen, Wang, Bin, Yu, Gang
Frontiers of environmental science & engineering 2018 v.12 no.6 pp. 1
byproducts, hexachlorobenzene, industry, issues and policy, persistent organic pollutants, polychlorinated biphenyls, polychlorinated dibenzodioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans, solvents, waste incineration, China
Under the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), China is required not only to reduce polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/PCDF) but also unintentionally produced polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and pentachlorobenzene (PeCBz). A baseline of the sources in China that generate these unintentional POPs is needed for both research and regulation purposes. In this paper, we have compiled production data of potential sources in China and assessed them in five-year intervals from 2000 to 2015. Most of these activities experienced changes from rapid growth to slow growth. Measured data for PCB, HCB and PeCBz in samples collected from potential sources in China were reviewed. Most information was associated to thermal processes with high potential of emission, including waste incineration and ferrous and non-ferrous metal production. In addition, high levels of PCB, HCB and PeCBz were found as impurities in a few chlorinated products or as by-products in solvent production, which suggested organochlorine industry might be important sources. Finally, based on the studies reviewed, recommendations for future actions in research and policy as well as a few regulatory issues in China are discussed.