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Optimization and Verification of Droplet Digital PCR Even-Specific Methods for the Quantification of GM Maize DAS1507 and NK603
- Grelewska-Nowotko, Katarzyna, Żurawska-Zajfert, Magdalena, Żmijewska, Ewelina, Sowa, Sławomir
- Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 2018 v.185 no.1 pp. 207-220
- analytical methods, corn, droplets, molecular biology, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, transgenic plants
- In recent years, digital polymerase chain reaction (dPCR), a new molecular biology technique, has been gaining in popularity. Among many other applications, this technique can also be used for the detection and quantification of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in food and feed. It might replace the currently widely used real-time PCR method (qPCR), by overcoming problems related to the PCR inhibition and the requirement of certified reference materials to be used as a calibrant. In theory, validated qPCR methods can be easily transferred to the dPCR platform. However, optimization of the PCR conditions might be necessary. In this study, we report the transfer of two validated qPCR methods for quantification of maize DAS1507 and NK603 events to the droplet dPCR (ddPCR) platform. After some optimization, both methods have been verified according to the guidance of the European Network of GMO Laboratories (ENGL) on analytical method verification (ENGL working group on “Method Verification.” (2011) Verification of Analytical Methods for GMO Testing When Implementing Interlaboratory Validated Methods). Digital PCR methods performed equally or better than the qPCR methods. Optimized ddPCR methods confirm their suitability for GMO determination in food and feed.